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Stepper Motors

A reliable source for Stepper Motors information and leading Stepper Motors Companies & Manufacturers.

A stepper motor is an electrical motor, as shown in the figure below. The shaft protruding out of the motor is attached to a rotor that rotates following the concept of electromagnetism. This converts electrical energy into mechanical energy. Without the need for any sensor, the angular position of the shaft can be determined accurately by counting the rotation steps. Read More…

Stepper Motors A stepper motor is an electrical motor, as shown in the figure below. The shaft protruding out of the motor is attached to a rotor that rotates following the concept of electromagnetism. This converts electrical energy into mechanical energy. Without the need for any sensor, the angular position of the shaft can be determined accurately by counting the rotation steps.
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Leading Manufacturers

Stratham, NH  |  844-338-8114

When reliability and power are a must, the universal motors you find at ElectroCraft can operate with high efficiency, low voltage, and at a low cost. Applications that our universal electric motors serve include robotics, packaging, automotive, and medical equipment. Electric motor products include the CompletePower™ Plus Universal Drive, complete with a user-friendly configurable interface. For more details, contact ElectroCraft today!

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ElectroCraft, Inc. $$$

San Leandro, CA  |  510-567-0630

Our specialty is electrical mechanical apparatus remanufacturing. We are the largest repairer of electric motors such as AC motors, DC motors, fractional HP motors and other small specialized equipment to 30,000 HP. In addition, we sell new electric motors (AC & DC), gearmotors and gearboxes.

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Koffler Electrical $$$

Monroe, WI  |  608-325-9161

At Carter Motor, some of the motors manufactured include AC universal motors, small motors, DC universal motors, DC permanent magnet motors, DC shunt wound motors and gearmotors, along with many others. All Carter Motor products are designed and assembled in the United States by hard-working employees. From engineers to shipping clerks, the staff takes pride in every part of the process.

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Carter Motor Company $$$

Mauston, WI  |  888-467-8288

Dumore Corporation is a leading designer of DC motors, custom fractional horsepower motors, gear motors and universal electric motors. Our high-quality fractional motors are used in a variety of applications and markets. In business since 1913, we have continued to manufacture our custom high-quality UL listed OEM motors. Dumore DC motors and gear motors are designed for complete, cost effective customization to meet your exact requirements or work with our team for a custom solution!

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Dumore Corporation $$$

Reedsburg, WI  |  608-524-4341

Hankscraft has been in the fractional horsepower motors industry since 1920. With our extensive background in the industry and years of experience we are a trusted manufacturer and supplier. our decades of contract manufacturing experience, have given us the knowledge and expertise to have an extensive and growing list of capabilities available for our customers worldwide.

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Hankscraft, Inc. $$$
placeholder image ElectroCraft, Inc. Koffler Electrical Carter Motor Company Dumore Corporation Hankscraft, Inc.

What is a Stepper Motor?

A stepper motor is an electrical motor, as shown in the figure below. The shaft protruding out of the motor is attached to a rotor that rotates following the concept of electromagnetism. This converts electrical energy into mechanical energy. Without the need for any sensor, the angular position of the shaft can be determined accurately by counting the rotation steps.

Steppers motors are available in a variety of sizes and materials to best suit the applications. As the name implies, the stepper divides one full rotation into smaller, equal rotations, also known as steps. This feature enables users to program it into moving only certain degrees hence controlling the motion.

Stepper Motors Operational Theory

Like all electric motors, stepper motors also consist of two main components. One is the stator which is a non-movable part. The other one is a movable part called a rotor. The rotor is usually a permanent magnet. It is encased by a stator. There are bar/teeth like structures on the stator which provide support for the coil, as shown in the figure below.

Four Phase Fractional Horsepower Stepper Motor

The stepper motor operates by generating the magnetic field in one of the stators. It is done by supplying electric current through the coil around the stator. The rotor moves towards the charged stator. The alternating current passing through the coil produces a magnetic field around the rotor. As a result, the rotor moves in steps depending on the magnetic field lines produced by the respective stator.

Types of Stepper Motors

The efficiency of stepper motors largely depends on how it's built. The following three types of stepper motors are based on structural differences. The type of rotor used determines the performance here.

Permanent Magnet Stepper Motor

In this type, the rotor is a permanent magnet. It easily lines up with the stator's magnetic force. This change ensures better torque production. Although it provides low speed and low resolution.

Variable Reluctance Stepper Motor

In variable reluctance motors, the rotor used is made up of an iron core. It is shaped to make it easier for the rotor to align with the magnetic field produced by stator bars. Unlike permanent magnet rotors, it produces higher speeds and resolution, but achieving better torque is impossible.

Hybrid Stepper Motor

These kinds of motors combine permanent magnet stepper motors and variable reluctance ones. It’s rotor consists of two caps made up of a permanent magnet shaped like a variable reluctance rotor. The mixture of design provides all the qualities and benefits of other motors. It has high speed, better torque, and good resolution. Since it is a hybrid and complex design, it costs more than the other stepper motors.

Benefits of Using Stepper Motors

Some of the benefits of stepper motors include:

  • Stepper motors have a cleverly engineered internal structure that enables users to track angular position and rotations without sensors.
  • These do not require extra maintenance.
  • Unlike DC motors which do not offer good torque at less speed, stepper motors provide better torque even at lower speeds.
  • Stepper motors usually are durable and have a long life.
  • Precise positioning by stepper motors makes it usable in robotics and automated processes where extreme accuracy is required.

Applications of Stepper Motors

Stepper motors are different in their utilizations, yet probably the most widely recognized uses include:

  • 3D printing equipment
  • Textile machines
  • Printing presses
  • Gaming machines
  • Medical imaging machinery
  • Small robotics
  • CNC milling machines
  • Welding equipment
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